South America’s second largest country following Brazil. Located in the southern-most part of South America, the Andes Mountains lies on its west, while it is bounded in the south and east by the southern part of the Atlantic Ocean. In the northeast of Argentina lies Uruguay, and Brazil borders it on the north. Argentina also lays claim to the Falkland Islands.
Following independence from Spain in 1816, Argentina experienced periods of internal political conflict between conservatives and liberals and between civilian and military factions. After World War II, a long period of Peronist dictatorship was followed by a military junta that took power in 1976. Democracy returned in 1983, and four free elections since then have underscored Argentina’s progress in democratic consolidation.